Barge

Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference

In primitive regions today and in all pre-development (lacking highways or railways) regions worldwide in times before industrial development and highways, barges were the predominant and most efficient means of inland transportation in many regions. This holds true today, for many areas of the world.

See also:-Empire shipFort shipPark shipOcean ship.

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Barge carrying theSpace Shuttleexternal tank for STS-119 under tow toPort CanaveralFlorida, United States

Speeches of Lord Randolph Churchill

Barges towed by a tugboat on theRiver ThamesinLondonEnglandUK

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Royal BargeSuphannahongdocked at, one of theThairoyal barges featured in theroyal barge ceremony

Horse drawing a barge along thetowpathof theKennet and Avon CanalEnglandUK

Randolph Henry Spencer Churchill (1885). H. W. Lucy, ed.

For other uses, seeBarge (disambiguation).

Self-propelled barge in the port ofIJmuiden, Netherlands

An Egyptian hieroglyphic dictionary: with an index of English words

(11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

TowboatDonna Yorkpushing barges of coal up the Ohio River atLouisvilleKentucky, United States

Self-propelled barges on theGrand Canal of ChinanearYangzhouJiangsu, China

The long pole used to maneuver or propel a barge has given rise to the saying I wouldnt touch that [subject/thing] with a barge pole.2

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Tongkangor car barge, landed on Ketapang Port, Banyuwangi, Indonesia

Many barges, primarilyDutch barges, which were originally designed for carrying cargo along the canals of Europe, are no longer large enough to compete in this industry with larger newer vessels. Many of these barges have been renovated and are now used as luxuryhotel bargescarrying holidaymakers along the same canals on which they once carried grain or coal.

Barges are used today for low-value bulk items, as the cost of hauling goods by barge is very low. Barges are also used for very heavy or bulky items; a typical American barge measures 195 by 35 feet (59.4m 10.7m), and can carry up to about 1,500 short tons (1,400t) of cargo. The most common European barge measures 76.5 by 11.4 metres (251ft 37ft) and can carry up to about 2,450 tonnes (2,700 short tons).

Self-propelled bargeAndromedain canal atHanover, Germany

Self-propelled barge carrying bulk crushed stone

Self-propelled car barge on theRiver Danube

by Sir Ernest Alfred Wallis Budge fromGoogle Books

Once the New York Central and Pennsylvania Railroads reached Chicago, that time dynamic changed, and American poleboats became less common, relegated to smaller rivers and more remote streams. On the Mississippi riverine system today, including that of other sheltered waterways, industrial barge trafficking in bulk raw materials such as coal, coke, timber, iron ore and other minerals is extremely common; in the developed world using hugecargo bargesthat connect in groups and trains-of-barges in ways that allow cargo volumes and weights considerably greater than those used by pioneers of modern barge systems and methods in theVictorian era.

As an example, on June 26, 2006, a 565-short-ton (513t)catalytic crackingunit reactor was shipped by barge from theTulsa Port of CatoosainOklahomato a refinery inPascagoula, Mississippi. Extremely large objects are normally shipped in sections and assembled onsite, but shipping an assembled unit reduced costs and avoided reliance on construction labor at the delivery site (which in this case was still recovering fromHurricane Katrina). Of the reactors 700-mile (1,100km) journey, only about 40 miles (64km) were traveled overland, from the final port to the refinery.

Articles containing Coptic-language text

Barge Haulers on the Volga(187073), byIlya Repin

Abargeis a flat-bottomedship, built mainly forriverandcanaltransport of heavy goods. Some barges are not self-propelled and must be towed or pushed bytowboats, canal barges or towed by draft animals on an adjacenttowpath. Barges contended with therailwayin the earlyIndustrial Revolution, butwere outcompetedin the carriage of high-value items due to the higher speed, falling costs and route flexibility ofrailways.

Articles containing Greek-language text

Bargeis attested from 1300, fromOld Frenchbarge, fromVulgar Latinbarga. The word originally could refer to any small boat; the modern meaning arose around 1480.Bark, small ship, is attested from 1420, from Old Frenchbarque, from Vulgar Latinbarca(400 AD). The more precise meaning three-masted ship arose in the 17th century, and often takes the French spelling for disambiguation. Both are probably derived from theLatinbarica, fromGreek:άς,translit.bris,lit.Egyptian boat, fromCoptic:ⲃⲁⲁⲣⲉbrismall boat,hieroglyphicEgyptian

Britains Official guide to canals, rivers and lakes

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SlipwayatPortland HarbourDorsetEngland, holding asplit dump barge(on right)

The barge and canal system contended favourably with therailwaysin the earlyIndustrial Revolutionbefore around the 1850s1860s for example, theErie CanalinNew Yorkstate is credited by economic historians with giving the growth boost needed forNew York Cityto eclipsePhiladelphiaas Americas largest port and city but such canal systems with their locks, need for maintenance and dredging, pumps and sanitary issueswere eventually outcompetedin the carriage of high-value items by the railways due to the higher speed, falling costs and route flexibility ofrail transport. Barge and canal systems were nonetheless of great, perhaps even primary, economic importance until after theFirst World Warin Europe, particularly in the more developed nations of theLow CountriesFranceGermanyPolandand especiallyGreat Britainwhich more or less made the system characteristically its own.

Barge

On theBritish canal system, the term barge is used to describe a boat wider than anarrowboat, and the people who move barges are often known aslightermen. In the United States, deckhands perform the labor and are supervised by a leadman or the mate. The captain and pilot steer the towboat, which pushes one or more barges held together with rigging, collectively called the tow. The crew live aboard the towboat as it travels along the inland river system or the intracoastal waterways. These towboats travel between ports and are also called line-haul boats.

in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

World War II Maritime Commission ship designs

Coal barges passingHeinz FieldinPittsburgh, Pennsylvaniaon theOhio River

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unmanned barge redirects here. It is not to be confused withautonomous surface vehicle.

United States naval ship classes of World War II

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and similarba-y-rfor basket-shaped boat.1By extension, the term embark literally means to board the kind of boat called a barque.

Poles are used on barges to fend off the barge as it nears other vessels or a wharf. These are often called pike poles.

Such barges need to be towed bytugboatsor pushed bytowboats. Canal barges, towed by draft animals on a waterway adjacenttowpathwere of fundamental importance in the earlyIndustrial Revolution, whose major early engineering projects were efforts to buildviaductsaqueductsand especially canals to fuel and feed raw materials to nascent factories in the early industrial takeoff (18th century) and take their goods to ports and cities for distribution.

Self-propelled barges may be used as such when traveling downstream or upstream in placid waters; they are operated as an unpowered barge, with the assistance of a tugboat, when traveling upstream in faster waters. Canal barges are usually made for the particular canal in which they will operate.

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Barge Lehigh Valley 79 at the Waterfront MuseumBrooklynNew YorkUnited States

…never was land so easily and cheaply in the grasp of the capitalist as it is now, if he chose to put out his hand, and yet there is not a capitalist in his senses who would touch it with a barge pole.

In such pre-industrialized, or poorly developed infrastructure regions, many barges are purpose-designed to be powered on waterways by long slender poles thereby becoming known on American waterways aspoleboatsas the extensive west of North America was settled using the vast tributary river systems of the. Poleboats use muscle power of walkers along the sides of the craft pushing a pole against the streambed, canal or lake bottom to move the vessel where desired. In settling the American west it was generally faster to navigate downriver fromBrownsville, Pennsylvania, to theOhio Riverconfluence with theMississippiand then pole upriver against the current to St. Louis than to travel overland on the rare primitive dirt roads for many decades after theAmerican Revolution.

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Bargee redirects here. For the type of food, seebhajji.

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This page was last edited on 4 July 2018, at 18:36

Articles needing additional references from August 2011

Tank barge on theRiver Moselle, Germany

Nowadays, custom built special purpose equipment called modular barges are extensively used in surveying, mapping, laying and burial of subsea optic fibre cables worldwide and other support services.